Editing types

editAs an instructor, I am always explaining and differentiating editing types. I used to include this list directly on my web site but cut to make the page more concise. Here they are:

substantive editing: re-organizing a text and suggesting structural changes, verifying tone consistency, identifying places where information can be added or removed

stylistic editing: eliminating jargon, clarifying text

copyediting: checking texts for grammar/spelling/punctuation based on your in-house style guide or choice of existing styles, ensuring consistencies through documents, fact checking when necessary

proofreading: giving text that final once-over with fresh eyes to catch any unseen typos and error